April 23, 2013

Unemployment by Occupation and Gender as of Feb. 2013

The BLS tracks unemployment by occupational group and by gender in table A-30


Here is a reproduction of the entire table for all occupations with just the February 2013 data:


total men women
Total, 16 years and over 8.1 8.5 7.6
Management, professional, and related occupations 3.8 3.8 3.9
Management, business, and financial operations occupations 3.9 3.6 4.2
Management occupations 4 3.6 4.5
Business and financial operations occupations 3.7 3.7 3.6
Professional and related occupations 3.8 3.9 3.7
Computer and mathematical occupations 3.5 3.5 3.6
Architecture and engineering occupations 3.8 3.4 6.3
Life, physical, and social science occupations 4 4.8 3
Community and social service occupations 3.5 1.9 4.4
Legal occupations 3.1 1.7 4.3
Education, training, and library occupations 3.8 3.7 3.9
Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations 7.8 9.2 6.2
Healthcare practitioner and technical occupations 2.5 2.6 2.5
Service occupations 9.8 10.3 9.5
Healthcare support occupations 7.3 5.7 7.5
Protective service occupations 4.1 4.2 4
Food preparation and serving related occupations 11 12.3 9.9
Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations 13.3 13.6 12.9
Personal care and service occupations 9.2 8.5 9.4
Sales and office occupations 7.9 7.7 8.1
Sales and related occupations 8.2 6.4 10.1
Office and administrative support occupations 7.6 9.4 7
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 12.2 12 16
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations 16.1 14.6 21
Construction and extraction occupations 15.8 15.6 21
Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations 6 5.9 7.3
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 10 9.7 11
Production occupations 9.1 8.4 10.7
Transportation and material moving occupations 10.9 10.7 11.7



As you can see the unemployment varies from job to job quite a bit and further it varies between men and women as well.

The occupations with the lowest unemployment was the healthcare professionals at just 2.5%.

The highest unemployment was in farming, fishing and forestry at 16.1% total.

Overall women have lower unemployment than men.   Women are at 7.6% and men at 8.5%.   Thats nearly a full point difference.    A lot of that is based on occupation of course and within a given occupation the differences are often lower especially for the largest occupations.

Lets look closer at the differences in unemployment between the sexes.   Here is the difference between unemployment for men minus the rate for women :


Total, 16 years and over(1) 0.9

Management, professional, and related occupations -0.1
Management, business, and financial operations occupations -0.6
Management occupations -0.9
Business and financial operations occupations 0.1
Professional and related occupations 0.2
Computer and mathematical occupations -0.1
Architecture and engineering occupations -2.9
Life, physical, and social science occupations 1.8
Community and social service occupations -2.5
Legal occupations -2.6
Education, training, and library occupations -0.2
Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations 3
Healthcare practitioner and technical occupations 0.1
Service occupations 0.8
Healthcare support occupations -1.8
Protective service occupations 0.2
Food preparation and serving related occupations 2.4
Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations 0.7
Personal care and service occupations -0.9
Sales and office occupations -0.4
Sales and related occupations -3.7
Office and administrative support occupations 2.4
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations -4
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations -6.4
Construction and extraction occupations -5.4
Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations -1.4
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations -1.3
Production occupations -2.3
Transportation and material moving occupations -1

The biggest difference is in the farming, fishing & forestry occupations with a difference of 6.4% with men at 14.6% and women at 21%.      The largest gap favoring women is in arts, design, entertainment, etc where they are ahead by 3% with women at 6.2% and men at 9.2%.    But its notable that both of those occupational groups account for about 1.5% and 2% of all jobs respectively.   These are not large fields and its easier to have a larger gap between genders with fewer people especially if one gender has very low representation in the occupation.

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